John Gerard: John Gerard, English herbalist, author of The Herball, or generall historie of plantes (). In Gerard went to London to become an. The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes (). John Gerarde. Publisher: John Norton Year: Town: London. Complete PDF-Version of this book. Trained as a Barber-surgeon, John Gerard () divided his time working as superintendent of the gardens of William Cecil, Lord Burghley ().

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Please try again later. While the Spanish were the first to introduce American plants to Europe, explorers from other countries soon followed. As Europe’s most renown botanist, there must have been some consternation at not having been informed sooner about a plant so common by then that it was being fed to pigs.

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John Gerard – Wikipedia

Internet URLs are heeball best. The herbal genre dates back to antiquity, but it was during the period from to that it bloomed. It is thought he resided in a tenement with a garden belonging to Lord Burghley. For example, the herb which produces the deathlike sleep of Juliet or Cymbeline may refer to nightshadeMandragora or Doronicumall of them listed and described in the Herball.

John Gerard

According to legend, Sir Walter Raleigh ate the poisonous berries of the potato plant, not knowing that the edible part was underground the potato is of the jhn genus as the Deadly Nightshade. Early British botanists and their gardens, based on unpublished writings of Goodyer, Tradescant, and others. In addition, what should be page 33 is numbered herbalp, and so forth, so that all pages following the 33rd page are four numbers off. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.

However, Gerard was then faced with the difficulty of matching them to the text and frequently mislabelled them. Wikisource has original works written by or about: Gerard may be considered one of the founders of botany in the English language, but he was not well educated, was more interested as a herbalist and barber-surgeon in the medicinal properties of the plants than botanical ggerard [9] and was not notable as a botanist in terms of geard knowledge in his own time according to his critics.


Elizabethan London and the social foundations of the scientific revolution.

Although Francis Bacon advocated inductive thinking based on observation or description empiricism as the way to understand and report on the natural world, the early Renaissance printed herbals were slightly modified adaptations of the works of their medieval predecessors. Contact with the Native Americans and their strange, uniquely American plants prompted an expansion of European herbals. John Gerard was born in Nantwich, Cheshire around He was the first to suggest that the Barber-Surgeons keep a garden for the study of plants but the suggestion was never taken up.

NantwichCheshire, England. The earliest watercolor painting of a flowering potato plant is datedwhen Clusius was sent two tubers. He decided against using Dodoens’ original illustrations since this would have revealed the actual source of the material, but instead rented woodblocks from Nicolaus Bassaeus in Frankfurtabout 1, in all, only 16 being original.

Dictionary of National Biography. The town dates from Roman times, when its salt deposits were important. The Herball was immensely popular. The woodblocks were shipped from Antwerp to London for the purpose. He would also visit other collectors and nurserymen such as Richard Pointer of TwickenhamMaster Fowle, keeper of the Queen’s house at St.

Barlow, Horace Mallinson Norton decided to proceed with publication despite these difficulties. Many of these had fine gardens and would exchange plants. Gerard married Anne or possibly Agneswho died inand by her had five children, of whom only one, Elizabeth, survived them. Many people believed that the mandrake root screamed as it was pulled from the ground.

For other uses, see John Gerard disambiguation. Lives of the Fellows vol.

The herball, or, Generall historie of plantes

Except for additions of some plants from his own garden and from North America, Gerard’s Herbal is largely an unacknowledged English translation of Rembert Dodoens ‘s herbal, published initself highly popular in Dutch, Latin, French and other English translations. While studying in London, he became interested in plants and began a garden near his cottage in HolbornLondon.

Today it contains more than ….

They were well educated, as were other members of the “Lime Street community” in the City of London. Although it was recognised amongst scholars that it was a pirated work, with many limitations, at that time [23] there is evidence of the book still being in practical use as a medicinal herbal, even in the early 19th century.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The completed book appears to incorporate much of Priest’s work, together with his own completion of the text in the form of annotations from his own garden and for the first time, some North American plants.

Fox-glove boiled in water jjohn wine, and drunken, doth cut and consume the thick toughnesse of grosse and slimie flegme and naughty humours; it openeth also the stopping of the liver, spleene, and milt, and of other inward parts.

The Herball of John Gerard

After his death in Februaryhe was buried at St Andrews, Holborn on 18 February, but the grave is unmarked. InGerard published his Catalogue Catalogus arborum, fruticum, ac plantarum tam indigenarum, quam exoticarum, in horto Johannis Gerardi civis et chirurgi Londinensis nascentiuma list of rare plants 1, different kinds he cultivated in his own garden at Holborn, where he introduced exotic plants from the New World, including a plant he misidentified as the Yucca.

Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of Randall McLeod for consultation. Gentian was named in honor of King Gentius of Illyria B. Gerard highly recommended aloe juice as a purgative and vermifuge: According to Anna PavordGerard was a doer, not a thinker and a plantsman, not a scholar. His picture of the potato was the first that most English people had ever seen.

If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Not until the early s did the potato finally become a staple in the European diet.

Behold, I gave you all the plants that exist that bear seeds. English naturalists from Neckham to Ray: The English Language The Herball not only introduced newly discovered plants to England, but also contributed new words gerarx the English language to accommodate these additions.